CICMA includes researchers working in number theory, group theory, and algebraic geometry. Algebraic geometry is a broad discipline having close links with diverse fields from arithmetic to theoretical physics. Eyal Goren and Adrian Iovita are leaders in the application of techniques from algebraic geometry to problems arising in number theory, especially Shimura varieties and padic cohomology theories. John McKay is one of the instigators of the mooshine programme, which ties together in a surprising way certain notions in the theory of modular forms, arithmetic geometry, and theoretical physics. Number theory has developed over the last decades following two major trends: on one hand algebraic number theory, including such themes as the study of special values of Lfunctions attached to arithmetic objects, which originates in the work of Gauss and Dirichlet and leads to the modern conjectures of Deligne, Beilinson, and BlochKato. Another theme of algebraic number theory, originating in the Langlands programme, postulates a close link between arithmetic Lfunctions and automorphic representations. On the other hand analytic number theory addresses deep and subtle questions concerning the distribution of primes. It makes use of mathematical analysis techniques, especially functions of several complex variables and spectral theory. Number theory in all its different flavours is particularly well represented in the laboratory, with Darmon, Goren, Iovita, and Kassaei on the arithmetic and automorphic side, and David, Granville, Kisilevsky, Koukoulopoulos, and Lalín on the more analytic side of the subject.
